Shirvan rugs come from the district of Shirvan, now part of Azerbaijan, populated by Azeri Turks and some Armenians, expert dyers and weavers. They produced many highly decorative antique rugs that have a formality and stylistic complexity that is found in few rugs from the Caucasus.
Shirvan rugs are often the most sought after antique rugs from the Caucasus. Shirvan rugs were made not far from those of Kuba, which are closely related in terms of design and coloration. But Shirvan tend to be distinguished by a larger, suppler weave. They also leaned more to medallion designs, while Kubas relied more on allover patterns.